Nkhani

Chidule

Ma Coronaviruses ndi banja la ma virus omwe angayambitse matenda monga chimfine, matenda opumira kwambiri (SARS) ndi Middle East kupuma matenda (MERS). Mu 2019, coronavirus yatsopano idadziwika kuti ndi yomwe imayambitsa matenda omwe adayamba ku China.

Tizilomboti tsopano timadziwika kuti matenda oopsa a kupuma a coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Matenda omwe amayambitsa amatchedwa coronavirus matenda 2019 (COVID-19). Mu Marichi 2020, World Health Organisation (WHO) yalengeza kuti kufalikira kwa COVID-19 ndi mliri.

Magulu azaumoyo wa anthu, kuphatikiza US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) ndi WHO, akuyang'anira mliriwu ndikulemba zosintha patsamba lawo. Maguluwa aperekanso malangizo othandizira kupewa komanso kuchiza matendawa.

Zizindikiro

Zizindikiro za matenda a coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) atha kuwoneka masiku awiri kapena 14 atawonekera. Nthawi imeneyi pambuyo powonekera komanso asanakhale ndi zizindikilo amatchedwa nthawi yakusakaniza. Zizindikiro zodziwika zimatha kuphatikiza:

  • Malungo
  • Tsokomola
  • Kutopa

Zizindikiro zoyambirira za COVID-19 zitha kuphatikizaponso kutaya kwa kukoma kapena kununkhiza.

Zizindikiro zina zitha kuphatikiza:

  • Kupuma pang'ono kapena kupuma movutikira
  • Kupweteka kwa minofu
  • Kuzizira
  • Chikhure
  • Mphuno yothamanga
  • Mutu
  • Kupweteka pachifuwa
  • Diso la pinki (conjunctivitis)

Mndandanda uwu suli wonse. Zizindikiro zina zosadziwika kwenikweni zanenedwa, monga totupa, mseru, kusanza ndi kutsekula m'mimba. Ana ali ndi zizindikiro zofananira kwa akulu ndipo nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi matenda ofatsa.

Kukula kwa zizindikiro za COVID-19 kumatha kukhala kofatsa kwambiri mpaka kufika povuta. Anthu ena amatha kukhala ndi zizindikilo zochepa chabe, ndipo anthu ena sangakhale ndi zisonyezo konse. Anthu ena amatha kukumana ndi zizindikilo zowonjezereka, monga kupuma movutikira ndi chibayo, pafupifupi sabata limodzi zizindikiro zitayamba.

Anthu okalamba ali ndi chiopsezo chachikulu chodwala matenda ochokera ku COVID-19, ndipo chiopsezo chimakulirakulira. Anthu omwe ali ndi matenda osachiritsika atha kukhala ndi chiopsezo chachikulu chodwala kwambiri. Matenda akulu omwe amachulukitsa chiopsezo cha matenda akulu kuchokera ku COVID-19 ndi awa:

  • Matenda akulu amtima, monga kulephera kwa mtima, matenda amitsempha yamtima kapena cardiomyopathy
  • Khansa
  • Matenda osokoneza bongo (COPD)
  • Type 2 matenda ashuga
  • Kunenepa kwambiri
  • Matenda a impso
  • Matenda a khungu
  • Chitetezo chofooka kuchokera ku ziwalo zolimba

Zinthu zina zitha kuonjezera chiopsezo cha matenda akulu, monga:

  • Mphumu
  • Matenda a chiwindi
  • Matenda am'mapapo monga cystic fibrosis
  • Ubongo ndi machitidwe amanjenje
  • Kufooka kwa chitetezo cham'mafupa, HIV kapena mankhwala
  • Type 1 shuga
  • Kuthamanga kwa magazi

Mndandanda uwu suli wonse. Zochitika zina zachipatala zitha kukulitsa chiopsezo chanu chodwala kwambiri kuchokera ku COVID-19.

Nthawi yoti muwonane ndi dokotala

Ngati muli ndi zizindikiro za COVID-19 kapena mwakhala mukukumana ndi wina yemwe amapezeka ndi COVID-19, funsani dokotala wanu kapena chipatala nthawi yomweyo kuti akuthandizeni. Uzani gulu lanu lazachipatala za zizindikilo zanu komanso momwe mungadziwikire musanapite kukakumana kwanu.

Ngati muli ndi zizindikiro zadzidzidzi za COVID-19, pitani kuchipatala msanga. Zizindikiro zadzidzidzi zitha kuphatikiza:

  • Kuvuta kupuma
  • Kupitirizabe kupweteka pachifuwa kapena kupanikizika
  • Kulephera kukhala maso
  • Chisokonezo chatsopano
  • Milomo yabuluu kapena nkhope

Ngati muli ndi zizindikilo za COVID-19, funsani dokotala kapena chipatala kuti akuthandizeni. Adziwitseni dokotala ngati muli ndi matenda ena osachiritsika, monga matenda amtima kapena matenda am'mapapo. Pakati pa mliriwu, ndikofunikira kuonetsetsa kuti chithandizo chamankhwala chilipo kwa iwo omwe akusowa thandizo.

Zoyambitsa

Kutenga ndi coronavirus yatsopano (matenda oopsa a kupuma a coronavirus 2, kapena SARS-CoV-2) imayambitsa matenda a coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19).

Kachiromboka kamawoneka kuti kamafalikira mosavuta pakati pa anthu, ndipo zambiri zimapezekabe pakapita nthawi za momwe zimafalira. Zambiri zawonetsa kuti imafalikira kuchokera kwa munthu kupita kwa munthu pakati pa omwe amagwirizana kwambiri (pafupifupi 6 mapazi, kapena 2 mita). Vutoli limafalikira ndimadontho opumira omwe amatuluka munthu yemwe ali ndi kachilomboka akatsokomola, kuyetsemula kapena kuyankhula. Madonthowa amatha kupumira kapena kugwera pakamwa kapena mphuno za munthu wapafupi.

Ikhozanso kufalikira ngati munthu akhudza malo omwe ali ndi kachilomboka kenako ndikumugwira pakamwa, mphuno kapena maso, ngakhale izi sizomwe zimawoneka ngati njira yayikulu yofalitsira.

Zowopsa

Zowopsa za COVID-19 zikuwoneka kuti zikuphatikiza:

  • Tsegulani pafupi (mkati mwa 6 mapazi, kapena 2 mita) ndi munthu yemwe ali ndi COVID-19
  • Kutsokomola kapena kuyetsemula ndi munthu wodwala

Zovuta

Ngakhale anthu ambiri omwe ali ndi COVID-19 amakhala ndi zizindikilo zochepa, matendawa amatha kuyambitsa mavuto azachipatala ndikuwapha anthu ena. Okalamba okalamba kapena anthu omwe ali ndi matenda omwe alipo kale ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu chodwala kwambiri ndi COVID-19.

Zovuta zitha kukhala:

  • Chibayo ndi kupuma movutikira
  • Kulephera kwa thupi m'magulu angapo
  • Mavuto amtima
  • Matenda am'mapapo omwe amachititsa kuti mpweya wocheperako uchepetse m'magazi anu (matenda opatsirana opuma)
  • Kuundana kwamagazi
  • Kuvulala kwakukulu kwa impso
  • Zowonjezera mavairasi ndi bakiteriya

Kupewa

Ngakhale kulibe katemera woteteza COVID-19, mutha kuchitapo kanthu kuti muchepetse chiopsezo cha matenda. WHO ndi CDC amalimbikitsa kutsatira izi popewa COVID-19:

  • Pewani zochitika zazikulu ndi misonkhano yambiri.
  • Pewani kulumikizana kwapafupi (pafupifupi mamita 6, kapena 2 mita) ndi aliyense amene akudwala kapena ali ndi zizindikiro.
  • Khalani kunyumba momwe mungathere ndikukhala patali pakati pa inu ndi ena (mkati mwa 6 mapazi, kapena 2 mita), makamaka ngati muli pachiwopsezo chachikulu chodwala kwambiri. Kumbukirani kuti anthu ena atha kukhala ndi COVID-19 ndikufalitsa kwa ena, ngakhale atakhala kuti alibe zizindikiro kapena sakudziwa kuti ali ndi COVID-19.
  • Sambani m'manja nthawi zambiri ndi sopo ndi madzi kwa masekondi osachepera 20, kapena gwiritsani ntchito mankhwala opangira mowa omwe ali ndi mowa osachepera 60%.
  • Phimbani nkhope yanu ndi chophimba kumaso m'malo opezeka anthu ambiri, monga golosale, komwe kumakhala kovuta kupewa kucheza ndi ena, makamaka ngati muli mdera lomwe anthu ambiri amafalikira. Gwiritsani ntchito masks osachiritsika okha - maski opangira opaleshoni ndi makina opumira a N95 ayenera kusungidwa kwa othandizira azaumoyo.
  • Phimbani pakamwa panu ndi mphuno ndi chigongono kapena minofu mukamatsokomola kapena mukuyetsemula. Kutaya minofu yogwiritsidwa ntchito. Sambani m'manja nthawi yomweyo.
  • Pewani kukhudza maso, mphuno ndi pakamwa.
  • Pewani kugawana mbale, magalasi, matawulo, zofunda ndi zinthu zina zapakhomo ngati mukudwala.
  • Sambani ndi kuthira mankhwala pamalo olumikizidwa kwambiri, monga zitseko zapakhomo, ma switch, magetsi ndi ma counters, tsiku lililonse.
  • Khalani panyumba kuchokera kuntchito, kusukulu komanso m'malo opezeka anthu ambiri ngati mukudwala, pokhapokha mutapita kukalandila chithandizo chamankhwala. Pewani zoyendera pagulu, matakisi komanso kugawana nawo ngati mukudwala.

Ngati muli ndi matenda osachiritsika ndipo mwina muli pachiwopsezo chachikulu chodwala, funsani dokotala za njira zina zodzitetezera.

Kuyenda

Ngati mukukonzekera kuyenda, yang'anani kaye masamba a CDC ndi WHO kuti musinthe ndi upangiri. Komanso fufuzani upangiri uliwonse waumoyo womwe ungakhale komwe mukufuna kupita. Mwinanso mungafune kulankhula ndi dokotala wanu ngati muli ndi thanzi labwino lomwe limakupangitsani kuti muzitha kutenga matenda opuma komanso zovuta.


Post nthawi: Sep-29-2020